Employer funding for accommodating disabled workers married dating in summum illinois
Indeed, the measurement used for collecting data has also significantly affected the percentages reported.The above figures are taken from all persons classified as PWDs.Finally, hiring qualified PWDs conveys a sense of social responsibility.However, employment of PWDs still lags far behind that of persons without disabilities; many studies have been conducted regarding this issue.Of the structured surveys, only 23% used validated scales: Attitudes Toward the Employability of Persons With Severe Handicaps Scale (Schmelkin & Berkell, 1989), Attitudes Toward Disabled Persons Scale (Yuker & Block, 1986), and Scales of Employer Attitudes Toward Workers with Disabilities (Kregel & Tomiyasu, 1994).The other studies either used modified versions of the above scales, or were wholly author-created.While author-created surveys are not necessarily, by definition, lacking validity, their one-time use makes them difficult to assess.
There are many reasons why employers should hire PWDs.However, if the category is narrowed to PWDs of ages 18 or 21 to 64 (depending on polling source), who are able to work, the employment rate rises considerably to around 56-57%Indeed, a joint report by the National Organization on Disability and the Louis Harris and Associates (2000) report an increase in the employment rate of PWDS who are able to work from 46% to 56%.Regardless which figure is taken to be more accurate, the employment rate of PWDs still is far lower than the employment rates of people without disabilities. Yelin and Katz (1994) examined National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data from 1970 to 1992 and Current Population Survey (CPS) data from 1981 to 1992 and concluded that in periods of economic downturn, individuals with disabilities experience more severe losses in labor force participation than individuals without disabilities.Also, there is wide variance in the methodology used, which limits reliability and generalizability.
Eighty-seven percent of the empirical studies reviewed in this paper most often used structured surveys, as well as phone interviews, in-person interviews, examination of archival records, with a few using a combination of a survey and some other instrument.
This article posits seven explanations for this phenomenon, examines the research to date in order to categorize which of the seven explanations has been more commonly studied, and highlights areas which have not yet been empirically analyzed.